MHRD: 16 Central Univs, 7 IIMs, 8 IITs and 10 NITs established by 2012

EduShine Academic Search

MHRD logoAccording to the year end review report by Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), 16 Central Universities, seven new Indian Institute of Management (IIMs), eight new Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) and 10 new National Institute of Technology have been established by 2012.

MHRD states that the Education sector in India is expanding rapidly to meet the increasing demand resulting from rise in the Gross Enrolment Ratios. The ministry is seeking reform in the education sector both at the school education level and at the higher education level. At the school education level, the implementation of the Right to Education Act is the largest area of attention. At the higher education level, the reform is being driven by the process of legislation which aims at putting in place a structure which encourages autonomy and growth, with an adequate regulatory framework to check malpractices.

Among other significant news, The Higher Education and Research Bill, 2011 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on 28th December, 2011. This Bill proposes to create a National Commission for Higher Education and Research which will be an over-arching body to maintain and coordinate the standards in higher education in the country. The Bill seeks to promote autonomy of higher educational institutions and universities for free pursuit of knowledge and innovation and to provide for comprehensive and integrated growth of higher education and research keeping in view the global standards of educational and research practices. The Commission will facilitate determination, co-ordination, maintenance and continued enhancement of standards of higher education and research including university education, vocational, technical, professional and medical education other than agricultural education. There are four salient elements envisaged in this Bill:

National Commission for Higher Education and Research:
2. A General Council:
3. The Collegiums of Scholars:
4. Board for Research Promotion and Innovation

Similarly since the commencement of the RTE Act, 38,754 primary schools, 11,918 upper primary schools and 4,98 lakh additional classrooms have been sanctioned under SSA. On National Education Day(Nov 11), a year long community mobilization programme was launched to generate awareness about the Act and the rights it vests in the people.

To extend education through modern platforms, Shri Kapil Sibal, the Union Minister for Human Resourced Development launched ‘Aakash’, a low cost access cum computing device, in October. The low price of $49.98/ Rs. 2276 per unit of this device along with Government subsidy will ensure its wide adoption by the students. The device will be distributed to students through the institutions at which they are studying.

Govt. has also instituted entrance exam reforms as per Ramasami committee. The committee has  proposed a country-wide common examination for admission to undergraduate programmes in sciences and engineering in its report which was deliberated at the IIT council.. The basis for reform in the examination process that reduces dependency on coaching, aligning the testing process to Class XII syllabus, reducing the multiplicity of tests to one was considered. Weightage would be given to the marks obtained by a student in Class XII Board examinations would be given after scientific statistical normalization of the performance vis-à-vis the average performance of other students appearing in the respective Board examinations, whether CBSE or State Boards. There could be a single national examination to test for aptitude and advanced domain knowledge or for aptitude alone to supplement the weightage given to performance in Class XII. Six options were placed before the Council for consideration and views of the members were sought. Based on the views expressed, the report would be finalised by Dr Ramasami in a month. The report would also be placed before CABE and State Education Ministers for a final decision so that the new system could be put in place by academic session 2013-14. later, in its meeting, the Council of NITs considered the proposal formulated by Dr. T. Ramasami Committee on Alternate System for Admission to undergraduate programmes in Science and Engineering in the country as presented before the IIT Council and endorsed the same.

The CBSE, For the 11th AIEEE to be held in 2012 after the success of Online Exam on pilot basis last year, and to give students a flexible schedule of examination, decided to conduct Online Examination (i.e. CBT Mode) from 7th – 25th May, 2012 in 22 cities. In these cities, the exam will only be in an online mode.
AICTE in order to reduce the burden of students attending to multiple examinations launches the first National level Common Management Admission Test (CMAT)-2012 and facilitate institutions to select suitable students for admission to all management programs approved by AICTE for year 2012-13. This initiative has been taken to address the issue of physical, mental and financial stress being imposed on the students through number of entrance examinations conducted by the institutions for admission to Management Programs in AICTE approved institutions based on relevant judgments in the Hon’ble Supreme Court.

· The National level test will be conducted online for nine days from 20th to 28th February in two shifts at 61 cities/locations.
· The common admission test will reduce the burden on candidates due to appearance in multiple tests.
· CMAT scores will help students get admissions in AICTE approved Institutes/University Departments in all management programmes catering to more than four lakh sanctioned seats of AICTE approved management institutions.
IIT Reforms

A Committee constituted under the chairmanship of Dr Anil Kakodkar, to prepare a roadmap for taking IITs to global excellence, was presented to the IIT Council. After detailed deliberations on the recommendations in which various opinions were expressed, the Council decided to constitute an Empowered Task Force for implementation of the recommendations for enhancing the autonomy of the IIT system with the intention of expanding the research output of IITs to produce 10,000 Ph.D graduates annually from around 1000 presently and increase faculty strength from around 4000 presently to 16000 by 2020. This would enable a large pool of researchers in technology to be fostered along with developing advanced technology manpower needs for promoting economic growth. The Council felt that a national benefit has to be derived from the investment through public funds on each IIT student. Therefore, every student at the time of obtaining employment after graduation could enter into an agreement with the IIT for agreeing to pay back part of the expenditure made on him or her over a suitable period. Students who do not obtain any employment or who proceed for a career in research shall not be expected to arrive at such agreement. In so far as modifications to the governance structure are concerned, the Council felt that the issue would be revisited in the next meeting. Each IIT was requested to prepare an accountability mechanism for regulating the exercise of administrative autonomy.

IIM Reforms

Every three years there should be an external review of each IIM which could be discussed in the IIM-Council. This was decided in a meeting of the IIM council chaired by Shri Kapil Sibal, Union Minister of HRD. IIMs Calcutta, Lucknow, Kozhikode have put the annual work plan system and teaching requirements along with faculty peer review in place in different ways. In IIM Bangalore, the process of devising a faculty review system after consultations is underway.
In order to expand the search for management solutions in problems of relevance to the nation and society, it was felt that IIMs have to take the lead in conducting programmes and organize curricula in areas such as energy management, academic institution management, health management, agriculture management etc. in the meeting of IIM Directors, it was decided to set up a Task Force for establishing the contours of such programmes.

National Vocational Education Qualification Framework

Vocational education has been an important area of concern in providing choices to youth for skills development in relation to the needs of the economy. The Coordination Committee set up by the Ministry, with the involvement of the National Skill Development Corporation and the Institute of Applied Manpower Research (an institution under the Planning Commission) has prepared a National Vocational Education Qualifications Framework. Round Tables in several sectoral areas (automobile sector, media and entertainment sector and communications & IT sector, in the area of hospitality and tourism and on infrastructure & construction sector ) have been held. Committees were constituted to define course curricula in these sectoral areas to dovetail with NVEQF. A committee of ministers of education of nine state governments, headed by the HRD minister of Bihar, Shri PK Shahi, was constituted to prepare a roadmap for implementation of the National Vocational Education. Qualification Framework. The committee has submitted its report and it has been accepted.

First Indo-US Higher Education Summit in Washington

Shri Sibal, Union Minister for Human Resource Development and the US Secretary of State, Ms. Hilary Clinton launched the expanded U.S.-India Higher Education Dialogue as an annual bilateral event to map out strategies for partnership in the field of education between the two countries, in Washington, in October. The two sides endorsed the resolve of the stakeholders from academia, government, and industry to take forward the following areas of consensus arrived at during the Summit